Debian second best distro
Debian is a (very) old GNU/Linux distribution. Which has done a lot (lot) to the Free Software movement. And we owe it almost every GNU/Linux distribution. Such as Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Deepin. And many, many more. It started in 1993 by Ian Murdock (✝). The name Debian is the combination of his name and his girlfriend’s name (Deborah + Ian)
There’s the Debian Manifesto, which you can read here Where a 100% Free (As in freedom) GNU/Linux distribution is stated.
There’s also the DFSG (Debian Free Software guidelines). Which are the guides that a package must follow for it to be considered Free Software by Debian. I am not going to state them here. But you can read it here.
Debian has a lot of good stuff and a bit of bad stuff. But the bad stuff can be easily fixed
- Since it is a very old GNU/Linux distribution, there’s a lot of documentation written. So it is useful for new GNU/Linux users.
- Xorg just works.
- Lots of packages.
- Runs on everything. Almost as NetBSD, and not planning to drop i386 support, so my x60 can sleep in peace tonight.
- A lot of ISOs to choose from. Netinst for network installation or even a full image.
- Lot of mirrors around the world. So apt downloads can be very fast.
But there’s also bad stuff.
- systemd by default. You can change it. But it is a very bad idea. If you want Debian without systemd. Use Devuan, which is the distro I use (2020-06-05) (not anymore)
- apt is slow as fuck while unpackaging.
- same as dpkg
- Old packages if you don’t use Debian testing/sid. Which is not a big problem since you can edit sources.list or install Debian testing directly.
That’s all about Debian. Probably my favorite distro and you should use it if you’re new to GNU/Linux.